In this podcast you’re going to learn about how to use adverbs of frequency in daily speech. In other words, you’ll learn how to ask and answer questions about how often you do things in Japanese. You’ll learn how to ask questions such as “How often do you…”. You’ll also be able to reply that you do something never, occasionally, sometimes, often and always.
This kind of grammar and vocabulary comes up often in daily conversation as well as the Japanese Language Proficiency Exam so it’s well worth learning.
First of all, have a look at the vocabulary lists to get an idea of the main phrases used in this podcast. After that you can practice how to use that vocabulary naturally with the dialog examples. Following that are extra grammar and sentence examples.
Also, while reading this PDF lesson, you can listen along to either the main audio podcast which contains all the dialogs and explanations in English. Alternatively you can listen to the Japanese only audio file.
Main Lesson Vocabulary
Main Dialog 1 – Adverbs of frequency – (Japanese)
B: 全然しないよ。 時間がないからさ。
A: じゃ、もうすぐオリンピックだから毎日 運動しよう。
Main Dialog 1 – Adverbs of frequency – (English)
A: Arekkusu wa dore kurai undō suru no.
Alex, how often do you exercise?
B: Zenzen shinai yo. Jikan ga nai kara sa.
Never. It’s cos I don’t have any time, you know.
A: Sō nan da.
B: Mukashi wa yoku shiteta kedo ne. Ami wa?
I used to however. How about you Ami?
A: Tokidoki jogingu suru yo. Tama ni suiei mo suru yo.
I sometimes go jogging. I occasionally also go swimming.
B: Ja, mō sugu orinpikku dakara mainichi undō shiyō.
Well, it’s almost time for the Olympics so exercise everyday!
Particles used in this dialog:
Wa – Sentence subject marker (As for so and so…)
Ga – Similar to Wa and is often used in sentences about having or not having something
No – Turns sentence into a question (Casual)
Yo – Emphasizes the statement
Ne – Means isn’t it or right?
Sa – Means something like “You know?” or “You see what I mean”
Extra example sentences
Japanese only dialog audio (From 00:47)
Zenzen – Not at all (00:47)
1: どれくらいお寿司食べるの？ ぜんぜん食べないよ。
Dore kurai osushi taberu no? Zenzen tabenai yo.
How often do you eat sushi? I never eat it.
2: どれくらい映画を見るの？ ぜんぜん見ないよ。
Dore kurai eiga o miru no? Zenzen minai yo.
How often do you watch movies? I never watch them.
Metta ni – Hardly ever (01:11)
1: どれくらいお寿司食べるの？ 滅多に食べないよ。
Dore kurai osushi taberu no? Metta ni tabenai yo.
How often do you eat sushi? I hardly ever eat it.
2: どれくらい映画を見るの？ 滅多に見ないよ。
Dore kurai eiga o miru no? Metta ni minai yo.
How often do you watch movies? I hardly ever watch them.
Tama ni – Occasionally (01:38)
1: どれくらいお寿司食べるの？ たまに食べるよ。
Dore kurai osushi taberu no? Tama ni taberu yo.
How often do you eat sushi? I occasionally eat it.
2: どれくらい映画を見るの？ たまにに見るよ。
Dore kurai eiga o miru no? Tama ni miru yo.
How often do you watch movies? I occasionally watch them.
Tokidoki – Sometimes (02:03)
1: どれくらい運動するの？ ときどきするよ。
Dore kurai undō suru no? Tokidoki suru yo.
How often do you exercise? I sometimes exercise.
2: どれくらいカラオケに行くの？ ときどき行くよ。
Dore kurai karaoke iku no? Tokidoki iku yo.
How often do you go to Karaoke? I sometimes go.
Yoku – Often (02:29)
1: どれくらい運動するの？ よく運動するよ。
Dore kurai undō suru no? Yoku undō suru yo.
How often do you exercise? I often exercise.
2: どれくらいカラオケに行くの？ よく行くよ。
Dore kurai karaoke iku no? Yoku iku yo.
How often do you go to Karaoke? I often go.
Itsumo – Always (02:53)
1: どれくらいゲームやるの？ いつもやってるよ。
Dore kurai geemu yaru no? Itsumo yatteru yo.
How often do you play video games? I’m always playing them